The Prevalence of Congenital Color Vision Defect in the Young Healty Turkish Males
Sami TOYRAN1, Fahrettin AKAY1, Musa SALMANOĞLU2, Faruk YEŞİLTAŞ3
1M.D. Izmir Military Medical Hospital. Eye Clinic, Izmir/TURKEY 2M.D. Izmir Military Medical Hospital. Internal Disease Clinic, Izmir/TURKEY 3M.D. Izmir Military Medical Hospital. Family Healt Center, Izmir/TURKEY
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of congenital color vision defect in the young healty Turkish males.
Materials and Methods: This study was progressed among 50,251 young healty male cases directed to health committee in ophthalmology
clinic of İzmir Military Hospital between January 2011-June 2015 retrospectively. Ishihara pseudoisochromatic color plates were used for color
vision examination. Cases with symmetric results in both eyes were considered as congenital color vision defect.
Results: Congenital color vision defect was detected in the 2786 cases (5.54%). Mean age of the subjects were 21.02±2.12 (18-28) years. 1758 of
the subjects (3.49%) were determined as deutan defect and 1028 of them (2.04%) were protan defect in all the congenital color vision defect cases.
Conclusion: This study was performed in a large and healthy population. Our results were consistent with the Europe, United States of America
and Far East countries.
Congenital color vision defect, Ishihara pseudoisocromatic test, prevalence